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Generations and Gender Programme  , GGP

    For details on all aspects of this database see GGP and UNECE

1. General description

    The Generations and Gender Programme (GGP) is a longitudinal survey containing respondents between the ages of 18-79. The GGP aims to improve our understanding of the various factors which affect the relationships between parents and children (generations) and between partners (gender). The topics include fertility, partnership, economic activities, care duties and so on. The GGP is accompanied by the Contextual Database (CBD) which holds data on legal norms and regulations, social norms, measures of welfare state policies and general economic and cultural indicators. The GGP is coordinated by the United Nations Commission for Europe (UNECE) and the scientific development is coordinated by the Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI).

    Here we focus on the GGP Survey. For more information on the statistical data, see the GGP Contextual Database in the subcategories Income and BenefitsSocial CareWork and EmploymentDemographicsEconomy and TradeEducationFinance and Health and Safety in our category 'Indicators and Statistics'.

    For more information on the policy data, see the GGP Contextual Database in the subcategories Income and BenefitsSocial CareEducation and Health in our category 'Policies and Institutions'.

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Longitudinal panel survey, with waves every three years (survey years differ per country)
  • Representative national samples, 18-79 years of age
  • Single core questionnaire and four optional modules:
  • Nationality and ethnicity
  • Previous partners
  • Intentions of breaking up
  • Housing

3. Participating countries

  • Data is available for the first two waves
  • Wave 1: 19 countries
  • All countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sweden
  • Wave 2: 12 countries
  • All countries: Australia, Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Russia

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

  • Respondent: age, sex, education, income, work and employment, marital status, number of children, socio-economic status, nationality
  • Partner: age, sex, education, income, work and employment, marital status, number of children, nationality
  • Parents: age, marital status, living arrangement, education, work and employment
  • Children: age, sex, work and employment 
  • Household: age of members, sex of members, relationship of members to respondent, composition, work and employment of members, accommodation, household income, socio-economic status

b. General

    children, partnerships, household organisation and partnership quality, parents and parental home, fertility, health and well-being, respondent's activity and income, partner's activity and income, household possessions, income and transfers, value orientations and attitudes

c. Regarding work and welfare

    task division regarding childcare and household tasks, the combination of children and work, health and personal care, possibility of parental, maternal or childcare leave at current employer, use of leave, previous employment, work situation (working hours, location, type of contract, sector), retirement, income (sources, organisation, total), making ends meet, important aspects of jobs, governmental responsibility regarding social care

5. Questionnaires available

  • Yes, downloadable in PDF format for the first, second and third wave; from GGP.
    National questionnaires are available for the first two waves only.

6. Keyword search in questionnaires


7. Data available

  • One can apply for the dataset of the first and second wave after registration; at GGP
  • For more information on how to access the data, see GGP

8. Online data analysis

  • Descriptive statistics, frequencies and correlation analyses; at GGP 
  • Free of charge, without registration