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European Voter Database

1. General description

    The European Voter Database is a longitudinal survey research programme held in six European countries, from approximately 1956 to 2001. After each national election an election survey was held within the countries' population, in which attitudes, beliefs and values were examined with respect to political interest, political ideologies and political parties. The European Voter Database is a project by ICORE

2. Survey type

  • National
  • Longitudinal, cross-sectional design within each country, with different time series per country. After every national election a national election survey is held.
  • Years covered per country:
  • Denmark: 1971-1998
  • Germany: 1961-1998
  • Great Britain: 1964-2001
  • The Netherlands: 1971-1998
  • Norway: 1965- 1997
  • Sweden: 1956-1998
  • No single core questionnaire. The topics discussed in the questionnaires are comparable in all countries. The questionnaires differ per country.

3. Participating countries

  • 6 European countries
  • All countries: Denmark, Germany, Great Britain, The Netherlands, Norway, Sweden

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

  • Respondent: age, sex, education, income, work and employment, marital status, socio-economic status, region, left-right placement, voting behaviour
  • Partner:
  • Parents:
  • Children:
  • Household:

b. General

  • Political involvement: e.g. political efficacy, political interest, political participation
  • Political parties: e.g. voting behaviour, party affiliation, party sympathy, party leader sympathy, party left-right placement
  • Political values and ideology: e.g. economy, left-right positions, important issues, state, moral, authoritarian/libertarian, growth/environment

c. Regarding work and welfare

    The following topics differ slightly per country:

    Education system, health system, income distribution, income injustice, making ends meet, power of trade unions, role of government in labour market, role of government in economy, social services, subjective class, work-life balance

5. Questionnaires available

    Yes, questionnaires from Germany downloadable in PDF format; from GESIS (under Data & Documents). Registration required, free of charge.

6. Keyword search in questionnaires


7. Data available

  • Data downloadable in DDI format; from GESIS (under Data & Documents) 
  • Registration required, free of charge 
  • Permission is required by the Data Archive

8. Online data analysis