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OECD Programme for International Student Assessment , OECD PISA

    For details on all aspects of this database, see OECD PISA

1. General description

    OECD PISA is an internationally standardised student assessment survey by the OECD administered to 15-year-olds in schools (OECD). In addition to these assessments, OECD PISA examines the attitudes and opinions of students regarding learning and the learning environment. The survey is administered every three years and so far more than 80 countries and economies worldwide have participated. 

    Here we focus on the OECD PISA data on student opinions and attitudes. For more information on the OECD PISA assessments and statistical data, see OECD PISA in our category 'Indicators and Statistics'.

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Longitudinal, cross-sectional design with waves conducted in 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015
  • Representative national samples, 15 years of age
  • In all seven waves questionnaires among students are carried out. In addition, PISA 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015 provide a parents questionnaire in which the opinion of the parents is asked with respect to the learning behaviour of the child as well as the learning environment of the child's school and at home. However, this questionnaire was optional and therefore not carried out in all the participating countries.
  • Upcoming wave: PISA 2018

3. Participating countries

  • 41 to 75 countries, depending on wave
  • All OECD member states plus a list of partner countries and economies
  • All OECD member states: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
  • Plus the following countries and economies: Albania, Algeria, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Beijing-China, Brazil, Bulgaria, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, Dubai, Georgia, Guangdong-China, Himachal Pradesh-India, Hong Kong-China, Indonesia, Jiangsu-China, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyz Republic, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macao-China, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Mauritius, Miranda-Venezuela, Moldova, Montenegro, Panama, Peru, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Shanghai (China), Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Tamil Nadu-India, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, Vietnam
  • For information on the waves in which the countries have participated, see OECD PISA or IES

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

  • Respondent: age, sex, education, country of birth In each PISA wave, the topics discussed are quite similar, with a different focus for each wave:
  • PISA 2000: emphasis on reading literacy
  • PISA 2003: emphasis on mathematics
  • PISA 2006: emphasis on science subjects and environmental topics
  • PISA 2009: emphasis on reading literacy, both printed and electronic texts
  • PISA 2012: emphasis on mathematics, reading, science, problem solving and literacy          
  • PISA 2015: emphasis on readings, science, problem solving    
  • Partner:
  • Parents: Students questionnaire: education, work and employment, country of birth
    Parents questionnaire: annual household income, household composition
  • Children:
  • Household:

b. General

    Student questionnaire PISA 2000:
  • Reading literacy: e.g. interest in reading literacy
  • School experiences: e.g. statements about teachers, happiness at school, utility of going to school
  • Student questionnaire PISA 2003:
  • School experiences: e.g. statements about teachers
  • Mathematics: e.g. confidence in and enjoyment of mathematics, motivation to do mathematics
  • Student questionnaire PISA 2006:
  • Mathematics: e.g. importance of subject
  • Reading literacy: e.g. importance of subject
  • School experiences: e.g. statements about teachers, satisfaction at school, homework completion
  • Science: e.g. science activities, science-related career, content of science subjects, importance of subjects, interest in science in the media, interest in science topics
  • Science and the environment: e.g. living conditions, use of science in everyday life, improvement of economy, concern with respect to environmental issues, use of science with respect to environmental issues
  • Parents questionnaire PISA 2006:
  • Parents' views on the child's school: e.g. competence of teachers, standard achievement level, content of subject matter
  • Science and the environment: e.g. influence of science on living conditions, use of science in everyday life, improvement of economy, concern with respect to environmental issues
  • The child's career and the job market: e.g. job skills, scientific knowledge and skills, job market
  • Student questionnaire PISA 2009:
  • Reading literacy: e.g. reading resources and facilities at home, time spent reading, attitude towards reading, types of materials read, online reading activities, reading strategies, library use
  • School experiences: e.g. statements about teachers, satisfaction at school, homework completion, school climate
  • Testing experiences: e.g. the types of tests received at school, the climate when taking tests, teacher assistance when taking tests
  • Parents questionnaire PISA 2009:
  • Parents' views on the child's school: e.g. competence of teachers, standard achievement level, content of subject matter
  • Reading at home: e.g. linguistic activities with children, reading resources, time spent with child, own reading habits, own attitude towards reading
  • Student questionnaire PISA 2012:
  • Mathematics: e.g. confidence in and enjoyment of mathematics, motivation to do mathematics
  • School experiences: e.g. statements about teachers, happiness at school, utility of going to school
  • ICT: e.g. familiarity with ICT
  • Educational career: e.g. acquired skills, language learning
  • Parents questionnaire PISA 2012:
  • Parents' view on the child's school: e.g. competence of teachers, standard achievement level, content of subject matter
  • Parental support for learning at home: e.g. helping with homework, discussing about performances in mathematics
  • Mathematics in child's career and job market: e.g. importance of mathematics knowledge and skills in order to get any good job
  • Student questionnaire PISA 2015
  • Parents questionnaire PISA 2015

c. Regarding work and welfare


    5. Questionnaires available

    • For the 2000 wave, codebooks and questionnaires are downloadable in TXT or PDF format; from OECD PISA
    • For the 2003 wave, codebooks and questionnaires are downloadable in TXT or PDF format; from OECD PISA
    • For the 2006 wave, codebooks and questionnaires are downloadable in TXT or PDF format; from OECD PISA
    • For the 2009 wave, codebooks and questionnaires are downloadable in TXT or PDF format; from OECD PISA
    • For the 2012 wave, codebooks and questionnaires are downloadable in TXT or PDF format; from OECD PISA
    • For the 2015 wave,  codebooks and questionnaires are downloadable in TXT or PDF format; from OECD PISA

    6. Keyword search in questionnaires

      No

    7. Data available

    • PISA 2000 wave
    • Pooled dataset downloadable in SPSS and SAS format; from OECD PISA
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • PISA 2003 wave
    • Pooled dataset downloadable in SPSS and SAS format; from OECD PISA
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • PISA 2006 wave
    • Pooled datasets downloadable in SPSS and SAS format; from OECD PISA
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • PISA 2009 wave
    • Pooled datasets downloadable in SPSS and SAS format; from OECD PISA
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • PISA 2012 wave
    • Pooled datasets downloadable in SPSS and SAS format; from OECD PISA
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • PISA 2015 wave
    • Pooled datasets downloadable in SPSS and SAS format; from OECD PISA
    • Free of charge, no registration required

    8. Online data analysis

    • Web tabulator for PISA 2015 that creates tables, maps and charts available; at OECD Education GPS
    • Per country and per age, topic or level of education
    • Free of charge, no registration required