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European Values Study , EVS

    For details on all aspects of this database, see EVS

1. General description

    The European Values Study (EVS) is a large-scale, European cross-national, longitudinal survey research programme on attitudes, beliefs, and values regarding moral, religious, political and social issues. The EVS started in 1981 and four waves have been conducted thus far.

    The EVS surveys are also conducted in non-European countries all over the world and they form part of the World Values Survey (WVS).

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Longitudinal with cross-sectional waves for all countries: 1981-1984, 1990-1994, 1995-1998, 1999-2004, 2005-2009 and 2010-2014
  • Longitudinal with cross-sectional waves for EVS: 1981, 1990, 1999 and 2008. 
  • Representative national samples, ≥ 18 years of age
  • Single core questionnaire (no varying modules)

3. Participating countries

  • 10 to 57 European countries, depending on wave
  • All countries: Algeria, Argentina, Albania, Armenia, Austria, Australia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Brasil, Chili, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany (East and West), Ghana, Great Britain, Greece, Haiti, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Macedonia Republic, Malta, Mexico, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Northern Ireland, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South-Korea, South-Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United States, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Wimbabwe
  • For information on European countries by waves, see EVS 1981, EVS 1990, EVS 1999/2000, and 2008
  • For information on all countries listed: 1981-19841990-19941995-19981999-20042005-2009 and 2010-2014

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

  • Respondent: age, sex, education, work and employment, marital status, number of children, socio-economic status, ethnicity, national region, nationality
  • Partner: (2008 only) nationality, education, work and employment
  • Parents: (2008 only) nationality, education, work and employment
  • Children:
  • Household: composition, income

b. General

    civic morality, ethics, ethnic tolerance, leisure-time, politics and political engagement, primary relations, religion, social capital, society, work 

c. Regarding work and welfare

    happiness, well-being, state of health, work ethic, job security, job content, working conditions, work autonomy, job quality, job motivation, job status, job satisfaction, work obligations, family values, childcare, redistributive justice, educational system, trade unions, ethnic tolerance, life satisfaction, benefits misuse, tax misuse, ownership, business and industry
  • The 1981 wave: state of health, working time, income satisfaction, household composition, ethnic prejudice
  • The 1990 wave: state of health, reasons for poverty, income satisfaction, job scarcity, job search obligations, competition, gender roles, income equality, income differences, government responsibilities, reasons for wealth, social services, role of government, ethnic prejudice, privatization, unemployment, economy
  • The 1999 wave: work scarcity, job seek obligations, income distribution, income equality, competition, reasons for poverty, gender roles, role of government, privatisation, government responsibilities, social services, evaluations of welfare, unemployment
  • The 2008 wave: state of health, participation in voluntary organisations, social trust, job satisfaction, employment, leisure, religion, marriage, parent-child relationship, political participation, political systems, immigrants, job status, income, education

5. Questionnaires available

6. Keyword search in questionnaires


7. Data available

  • Data downloadable per country and pooled in Stata and SPSS format; from GESIS (under Data & Documents) 
  • Free of charge, registration required

8. Online data analysis

  • Frequencies, cross tabs and regressions; at ZACAT
  • Per country, year and topic
  • Free of charge, registration required