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Standard Eurobarometer

    For details on all aspects of this database, see GESIS

1. General description

    The Standard Eurobarometer is a large-scale, European cross-national, longitudinal survey research programme on attitudes, values and beliefs regarding the European Union and more generally the socio-political domain. It is part of the general Eurobarometer, which is a serie of surveys regularly performed on behalf of the European Commission (EC). The Standard Eurobarometer has been conducted since 1974 in the member states of the European Union.

    In addition to the Standard Eurobarometer, special Eurobarometers are conducted at the request of the European Commission. Topics such as agriculture, biotechnology, energy, environment, gender roles, health related issues, immigration, poverty, regional identity, science and technology, working conditions, urban traffic etc. are investigated.

    Here we focus on the Standard Eurobarometer. For more information on the other Eurobarometers, see Flash Eurobarometer and Candidate Countries Eurobarometer

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Cross-sectional and sometimes longitudinal, depending on topic. The first Standard Eurobarometer was carried out in 1974. The Standard Eurobarometer is conducted twice a year. 
  • Representative national samples, > 15 year of age
  • Varying and rotating modules and topics, no single core questionnaire. For an overview of the special topics per Standard Eurobarometer, see GESIS

3. Participating countries

  • The Standard Barometer is usually conducted in the EU-28, Accession and Candidate Countries and occasionaly EFTA countries. Participating countries differ per Standard Eurobarometer.
  • All countries: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

  • Respondent: age, sex, education, work and employment, marital status, living arrangement, socio-economic status, roots, type of community
  • Partner:
  • Parents:
  • Children:
  • Household: composition, income

b. General

    The general topics listed here are frequently used in Eurobarometer surveys. However, these topics are not present in every Eurobarometer survey.

    Age groups, communication, consumer behaviour and protection, cultural identity, education, employment and labour, family, gender roles, leisure, living conditions, natural environment and resources, politics: political attitudes and participation, politics: political parties and elections, politics: political issues, politics: (international) institutions, relations and events, population, public health

c. Regarding work and welfare

    GESIS provides a clear and broad overview of the topics present in the standard Eurobarometer. For each standard Eurobarometer GESIS shows a list of special topics.

5. Questionnaires available

    Questionnaires and codebooks downloadable in PDF format; from GESIS (under Data & Documents)

6. Keyword search in questionnaires

7. Data available

  • Pooled micro-datasets downloadable per Standard Eurobarometer in SPSS and Stata format; from GESIS (under Data & Documents)
  • After registration, free of charge
  • Eurobarometer trend files are available; at GESIS
  • After registration, free of charge
  • Reports on the Standard Eurobarometer are downloadable in PDF format; from the European Commission

8. Online data analysis

  • Frequencies, crosstabs and regressions; at ZACAT (follow Eurobarometer > Standard & Special Eurobarometer). 
  • Free of charge, registration required