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Luxembourg Income Study Database , LIS

    For details on all aspects of this database, see LIS

1. General description

    The LIS database is part of LIS, an independent non-profit institution whose mission is to conduct cross-national comparative research on socio-economic outcomes and on the institutional factors that shape those outcomes. LIS harmonises and provides two databases: the Luxembourg Income Study Database (LIS), which provides microdata on income from about 50 countries throughout the world since 1968, and the Luxembourg Wealth Study Database (LWS). 

    Here we focus on the Luxembourg Income Study Database. For information on the LWS, see LWS in our category 'Socio-economic surveys'. 

    Here we focus on the micro data. For information on the key figures, see LIS Key Figures in our category Income and Benefits in the category 'Indicators and Statistics'.

2. Survey type

  • Harmonised national data
  • Cross-sectional data with nine releases around 1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2004, 2007, 2010, 2013 and 2016
  • Data collection from 1967 until present (for some countries historical databases are available, starting in 1967)
  • Representative national samples

3. Participating countries

  • 12 to 39 countries, depending on release
  • All countries: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatamala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, The Netherlands, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay
  • For information on countries by waves, see LIS By Country and LIS List of Datasets

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

    • Respondent: age, sex, education, income, work and employment, marital status, ethnicity, region
    • Partner:
    • Parents:
    • Children: age
    • Household: composition, income

b. General

c. Regarding work and welfare

    Disability status, labour force status, job characteristics, occupation, health, income through work, income through benefits, pensions or allowances, taxes, household income, individual income, expenditures and labour market information

    5. Questionnaires available

    • Variable definitions downloadable in Excel format; from LIS

    6. Keyword search in questionnaires


    7. Data available

    • Microdata available online; via LISSY
    • The dataset cannot be downloaded, but programs written in SAS, SPSS or Stata can be run on the data
    • Registration required, the need of a payment in order to access the data depends on the country of your affiliation. Students have free access. For details, see LIS Access Eligibility
    • For more information on registering, see LIS
    • Cross-national descriptive tables can be generated online; via LIS WebTab
    • For more information on how to use the WebTab, see LIS
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • Key figures on Inequality and Poverty and Employment by Gender downloadable in Excel format
    • Free of charge, no registration required

    8. Online data analysis

      Yes, this is the only way to analyse the data. Data is available online after registration and payment by those not qualifying for free access. SPSS, SAS or Stata commands should be submitted by email or by the Job Submission Interface.