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Luxembourg Wealth Study , LWS

    For details on all aspects of this database, see LWS

1. General description

    The LWS database is part of LIS, an independent non-profit institution whose mission is to conduct cross-national comparative research on socio-economic outcomes and on the institutional factors that shape those outcomes. LIS harmonises and provides two databases: the Luxembourg Income Study Database (LIS) and the Luxembourg Wealth Study Database (LWS). The LWS, released as a pilot project in 2007, consists of harmonised national data on topics like wealth, income and the labour market for 14 mainly European countries.

    Here we focus on the Luxembourg Wealth Study. For information on the Luxembourg Income Study see LIS in our category 'Socio-economic surveys'. 

2. Survey type

  • Harmonised national data
  • Cross-sectional data with 6 releases around 1995, 2000, 2004, 2007 2010, 2013 and 2016
  • Representative national samples

3. Participating countries

  • 15 countries in total. Not every country participated in every wave 
  • All countries: Australia, Austria, Canada, Finland, Germany, Greece, Italy, Norway, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States
  • Not all data are harmonised yet. For information on availability and countries by waves, see LWS

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

    • Respondent: age, sex, education, income, work and employment, marital status, ethnicity, national region
    • Partner:
    • Parents: education
    • Children: age
    • Household: age of members, composition

b. General

c. Regarding work and welfare

    Health status, happiness, occupation, financial and non-financial assets, received inheritance, pensions, stocks, investments, debts, mortgages, interest, taxes, expenditures, wages and salaries, social insurance transfers, financial risk taking, saving motives

    5. Questionnaires available

    • Variable definitions downloadable in PDF format; from LWS

    6. Keyword search in questionnaires


    7. Data available

    • Microdata available online; via LISSY
    • The dataset cannot be downloaded, but programs written in SAS, SPSS or Stata can be run on the data
    • Registration required, the need of a payment in order to access the data depends on the country of your affiliation. Students have free access. For details, see LIS Access Eligibility
    • For more information on registering, see LIS

    8. Online data analysis

      Yes, this is the only way to analyse the data. Data is available online after registration and payment by those not qualifying for free access. SPSS, SAS or Stata commands should be submitted by email or by the Job Submission Interface.