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European Union Structure of Earnings Survey , SES

    For details on all aspects of this database, see SES

1. General description

    The European Union Structure of Earnings Survey is an enterprise survey providing detailed and comparable information on relationships between the level of remuneration, individual characteristics of employees and characteristics of their employer. The SES website provides aggregated statistics for the years 2002, 2006 and 2010. SES 1995 is available for a limited number of countries. 

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Harmonized cross-sectional data
  • Representative samples; in general only enterprises with 10 or more employees are included 
  • The survey is held every four years. The surveys with reference year 2002, 2006 and 2010 have been released thus far
  • Single core questionnaire

3. Participating countries

  • In principle the survey is conducted in the EU-28 Member States, the Candidate Countries and EFTA countries
  • SES 2002, 2006, 2010: 28 EEA countries 
  • All countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany (not in 2002), Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey, United Kingdom
  • SES 1995: 6 EU Member States
  • All countries: Ireland, France, Italy, Luxembourg, Spain, Sweden

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

    • Respondent: sex, age, education, work and employment
    • Partner:
    • Parents:
    • Children:
    • Household:

b. General

c. Regarding work and welfare

    Collective pay agreements, earnings (hourly, monthly, annual), economic activity, employment contract, mean annual holidays, number of employees, size of enterprise

    5. Questionnaires available

      No. For a list of the SES variables in Excel format, see SES (scroll down)

    6. Keyword search in questionnaires


    7. Data available

    • Access to the microdata is restricted to universities and research institutes inside the EU and only provided by means of research contracts
    • For more information on how to access the data, see Eurostat [direct link]

    8. Online data analysis