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Fertility and Family Survey , FFS

    For details on all aspects of this database, see FFS

1. General description

    The Fertility and Family Survey is a project conducted by the Population unit of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. The FFS is a comparative survey regarding fertility and family that was held in 24,mainly European, countries during the 1990s. Its website contains country tables based on the FFS micro-level data.

    Here we focus on the micro-level data. For information on the macro-level data see Fertility and Family Survey in our category 'Indicators and Statistics'.

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Cross-sectional
  • The years covered by the survey differs per country, from 1990-1999. For more information on survey year per country see FFS via 'survey design'
  • The sample design and age of respondents differ per country. For more information see FFS via 'survey design'
  • Two core questionnaires (one for men and one for women) with optional modules

3. Participating countries

  • 24 countries, mainly European
  • All countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United States

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

    • Respondent: age, sex, education, work and employment, marital status, number of children, region
    • Partner: age, sex, education, work and employment, marital status, number of children
    • Parents: marital status, number of children
    • Children: age, sex
    • Household: age of members, sex of members, relationship of members to respondent, composition

b. General

    Household characteristics, parental home, partnerships, children, other pregnancies, fertility regulation, views on having children, views on the country, views on marriage, divorce, abortion and parental responsibilities, education and occupation, partner characteristics, religion

    The optional modules are:
  • Migration history
  • Contraceptive history
  • Values and beliefs
  • Population policy acceptance

c. Regarding work and welfare

    Importance of occupational career, educational history, job history, working hours, working hours of partner

    The optional modules contain the following topics regarding work and welfare:
    Opinion about roles of men and women regarding work and family life, personal work motivations, government responsibility, satisfaction with work, satisfaction with career, attitudes to combining work and children, opinions regarding family policies (child care, maternity leave, child allowances, working hours)

    5. Questionnaires available

    • Model questionnaire and codebook downloadable in PDF format; from FFS
    • National questionnaires downloadable in PDF format; from FFS

    6. Keyword search in questionnaires


    7. Data available

    • The micro-data are only available after submitting a research proposal
    • For more information on access to the data, see FFS

    8. Online data analysis