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Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study , TIMSS

    For details on all aspects of this dataset, see TIMSS and IES

1. General description

    The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is conducted by the TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center and organised by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). Its website contains micro- and macrodata and reports on comparable measurements of trends in fourth- and eight-graders' mathematics and science achievements, collected in a four-year-cycle. The data are obtained by a test in mathematics and science and several questionnaires directed to the students and their parents, teachers and school. TIMSS was first conducted in 1995 in more than 40 countries worldwide and has been repeated since in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2015. In addition, the TIMSS Advanced conducts surveys among students in the final year of secondary school who have taken courses in advanced mathematics and physics. These surveys have been held in 1995, 2008 and 2015. 

    The Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) is also organised by the IEA. For more information see PIRLS in our category 'Socio-economic surveys'. 

    Here we focus on the micro data. For more information on the indicator data, see TIMSS in the subcategory Education in our category 'Socio-economic Surveys'.

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Longitudinal cross-sectional survey, with waves in 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2015 (TIMSS Advanced: 1995, 2008 and 2015)
  • Representative national samples of fourth- and eighth-graders (TIMSS Advanced: students in the final year of secondary school)
  • Single core questionnaires for students, teachers, schools, parents and the National Research Coordinator of each participating country

3. Participating countries

  • TIMSS 1995: 45 countries
  • All countries: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Lithuania, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, The Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, United States
  • TIMSS 1999: 38 countries
  • All countries: Australia, Belgium (Flemish), Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Chinese Taipei, Cyprus, Czech Republic, England, Finland, Hong Kong, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Moldova, Morocco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, The Philippines, Romania, Russia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, United States
  • TIMSS 2003: 49 countries
  • All countries: Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Bahrain, Belgium (Flemish), Botswana, Bulgaria, Chile, Chinese Taipei, Cyprus, Egypt, England, Estonia, Ghana, Hong Kong, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Moldova, Morocco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Palestine, The Philippines, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden, Syria, Tunisia, United States, Yemen
  • TIMSS 2007: 59 countries
  • All countries: Algeria, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Bulgaria, Chinese Taipei, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, El Salvador, England, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Hong Kong, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Malaysia, Malta, Mongolia, Morocco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United States, Yemen
  • TIMMS 2011: 63 countries
  • All countries: Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Belgium (Flemish), Botswana, Chile, Chinese Taipei, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Morocco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Norway, Oman, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United States, Yemen
  • TIMMS 2015: 55 countries
  • All countries: Armenia, Australia, Bahrain, Belgium (Flemish), Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Chinese Tapei, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, England, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Hong Kong, Hungary, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kuwait, Lebanon, Lithuania, Malaysia, Malta, Morocco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Norway, Oman, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, United States
  • TIMMS 2019: data collection is scheduled in 2018-2019 and the release of international results in 2020. 
  • For an overview of the countries and education systems by wave, see IES (TIMSS) and IES (TIMSS Advanced). 

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

    • Respondent: age, sex
    • Partner:
    • Parents: education, work and employment
    • Children:
    • Household:

b. General


c. Regarding work and welfare

  • Tests on mathemathics and science achievement
  • Teacher questionnaire: own education level, attitudes and beliefs about teaching and learning, teaching assignments, class size and organisation, topics covered, the use of various teaching tools, instructional practices, professional preparation and continuing development, contact with and influence of parents, limitations to teaching (e.g. caused by students with disabilities, problematic students)
  • Student questionnaire: daily activities, support and influence of parents, educational career prospects (of student and of parents), educational resources at home, attitudes and beliefs about learning, instructional processes in the classroom, study habits and homework, how time is spent outside school (e.g. on doing homework, playing with friends, paid job, extra lessons, advanced lessons), behaviour at school
  • School questionnaire (principal or administrator): location of school, staff, teaching assignments, policy and budget responsibilities, curriculum, enrolment, student behaviour issues, organisation of teaching, graduation, professional instruction development, mathematics and science courses offered
  • Home background questionnaire: development of child, support and influence of parents with respect to schoolwork, satisfaction with child's education, own reading behaviour, reading resources at home

  • 5. Questionnaires available

    6. Keyword search in questionnaires

      No

    7. Data available

    • Dataset of the 1995 wave downloadable in ASCII format ; from TIMSS 1995 (under 'Data Files')
    • Per country
    • Dataset of the 1999 wave downloadable in ASCII format; from TIMSS 1999
    • Per country
    • Dataset of the 2003 wave downloadable in SPSS and SAS format; from TIMSS 2003
    • Dataset of the 2007 wave downloadable in SPSS and SAS format; from TIMSS 2007
    • Dataset of the 2011 wave downloadable in SAS and SAS format; from TIMSS 2011
    • Dataset of the 2015 wave downloadable in SAS and SAS format; from TIMSS 2015
    • Free of charge, no registration required

    8. Online data analysis

    • International Data Explorer available at IES for creating statistical tables, charts,  significance tests and regression analyses
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • IEA IDB Analyzer downloadable at IEA, in order to facilitate the analysis of data from IEA's large-scale assessments, such as TIMMS
    • Free of charge, no registration required