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European Union Labour Force Survey , EU LFS

1. General description

    The European Union Labour Force Survey (EU LFS) is a large household survey providing quarterly results on the labour participation of people as well as on persons of working age outside the labour force. The micro dataset is used for the Eurostat statistics on employment.

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Cross-sectional
  • The dataset covers the period 1983 to present
  • Representative national samples ≥ 15 years of age
  • Single core questionnaire, with ad hoc modules since 1999

3. Participating countries

    6 to 33 countries, depending on year:
     
  • From 1960: EU-6
  • All countries: Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands
  • From 1987: EU-12
  • All countries: Belgium, Denmark, France, West Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom
  • From 1995: EU-15 plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland
  • All countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
  • From 2000: EU-25
  • All countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom
  • From 2002: EU-25 plus Bulgaria, Croatia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Romania, Switzerland, Turkey
  • All countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary,  Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
  • From 2007: EU-27 plus Iceland, Macedonia, Norway, Switzerland, Turkey
  • All countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

    • Respondent: age, sex, country of birth, educational level, education and training, marital status, nationality, ethnic group
    • Partner:
    • Parents:
    • Children: age
    • Household: composition, income

b. General

    Labour status, employment characteristics, atypical work, working hours, second job, previous work experience, search for employment, income

c. Regarding work and welfare

    Occupation, professional status, supervisory responsibilities, involvement of the public employment office in finding job, full-time/part-time, reasons for part-time work, job permanency, contract, atypical working hours, working hours, working at home, paid or unpaid overtime, preferred working hours, information on second job, previous work experience, reasons for leaving last job, duration and reasons for search for employment, methods used for employment search, learning activities, level and field of education or training, purpose of learning activity, situation one year before survey, income.

    Single core questionnaire, with ad hoc modules since 1999:
  • 1999: Accidents at work and occupational diseases
  • 2000: Transition from school to working life
  • 2001: Length and patterns of working time
  • 2002: Employment of disabled people
  • 2003: Lifelong learning
  • 2004: Work organisation and working time arrangements
  • 2005: Reconciliation between work and family life
  • 2006: Transition from work into retirement
  • 2007: Accidents at work and work-related health problems
  • 2008: Labour market situation of migrants and their immediate descendants
  • 2009: Entry of young people into the labour market
  • 2010: Reconciliation between work and family life
  • 2011: Employment of disabled people
  • 2012: Transition from work into retirement
  • 2013: Accidents at work and other work-related health problems
  • 2014: Labour market situation of migrants and their immediate descendants
  • 2015: Work organisation and working time arrangements
  • 2016: Young people on the labour market
  • 2017: Self-employment
     
  • For a description of the contents of the ad hoc modules, see LFS

  • 5. Questionnaires available

    • Questionnaires downloadable in PDF format; from EU-LFS 
    • Available from 1983 onwards
    • Codebooks downloadable in PDF format; from GESIS
    • Available from 1983 onwards

    6. Keyword search in questionnaires

      No

    7. Data available

    • Main tables are available online and for download; via LFS
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • Database is available online; via LFS
    • After registration, free of charge
    • Access to the micro data is restricted to universities and research institutes inside the EU and only provided by means of research contracts. 
    • For more information on how to access the data see Eurostat [direct link]
    • Fore more information on the ad hoc modules see LFS

    8. Online data analysis

      • Main tables with tables, graphs and maps; at LFS
      • Free of charge, no registration required