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European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions , EU-SILC

1. General description

    The European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) provides statistics on the topics of income, poverty, social exclusion and living conditions. It has been launched in 2003 and is the successor to the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). 

2. Survey type

  • Cross-national
  • Cross-sectional and longitudinal with annual waves since 2003
  • Representative samples ≥ 16 years of age
  • Provides two types of data:
  • Cross-sectional data with variables on income, poverty, social exclusion and other living conditions
  • Longitudinal data pertaining to individual-level changes over time, observed over a four-year period
  • Single core questionnaire, with ad-hoc modules since 2005

3. Participating countries

  • 26 to 34 countries, depending on wave
  • All countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom
  • For an overview of countries participating per wave, see Eurostat

4. Topics

a. Socio-demographics

    • Respondent: age, sex, marital status, work and employment, education, nationality, national region
    • Partner:
    • Parents:
    • Children:
    • Household: composition, income

b. General

    Education, deprivation, health, housing, income, labour, monetary

c. Regarding work and welfare

    Employment status, occupation, health status, health insurance, educational level, receiving education or training, income before social transfers, income after social transfers, amount of social transfers receiving (unemployment benefits, (private) pension, family-related allowances, housing allowances, sickness benefits, education-related allowances, disability benefits), tax, individual deprivation, household deprivation

    Single core questionnaire, with ad-hoc modules since 2005:
  • 2005: Intergenerational transmission of poverty
  • 2006: Social participation
  • 2007: Housing conditions
  • 2008: Over-indebtedness and financial exclusion
  • 2009: Material deprivation
  • 2010: Intra-household sharing of resources
  • 2011: Intergenerational transmission of disadvantages
  • 2012: Housing conditions
  • 2013: Wellbeing
  • 2014: Material deprivation
  • For a description of the contents of the ad-hoc modules, see EU-SILC

  • 5. Questionnaires available

    • Questionnaires are downloadable in PDF format; from EU-SILC
    • A matrix indicating which variables are available for which years is available; on GESIS

    6. Keyword search in questionnaires


    7. Data available

    • Main tables are available online and for download; via EU-SILC
    • Free of charge, no registration required
    • Database is available online; via EU-SILC
    • After registration, free of charge
    • Access to the micro data is restricted to universities and research institutes inside the EU and only provided by means of research contracts.
    • For more information on how to access the data see Eurostat [direct link]
    • Fore more information on the ad hoc modules see EU-SILC

    8. Online data analysis

    • Main tables with tables, graphs and maps; at EU-SILC
    • Free of charge, no registration required